ROLE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZER AND BORON FOLIAR APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF POTATO FOR PROCESSING
Keywords:Solanum tuberosum L, waste management, micronutrients, plant residues, recycling.
This research was carried out at University of Baghdad - College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences during the fall season of 2020 and spring season of 2021 in order to evaluate the effect of organic fertilizer and the foliar application of boron on the growth and yield of industrial potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). Using factorial experiment (5*4) within Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates, the organic fertilizer (palm fronds peat) was applied at four levels (0, 12, 24, and 36 ton ha-1) in addition to the treatment of the recommended of chemical fertilizer. The foliar application of Boron was applied at four concentrations which were 0, 100, 150 and 200 mg (H3Bo3). L-1. The results Revealed a significant increase under the application of organic fertilizer at the level of 24 ton.ha-1 and the foliar application of boron at a concentration of 100 mg. L-1 (O24B100) on plant height, main branches number, and leaves number, which was reflected on the increase of vegetative dry weight and then the yield of potato (63.67 cm and 57.00 cm plant-1), (4.89 and 5.22 stem. plant-1), (66.50, and 55.67 leaf. plant-1), (113.38 and 108.49 g. plant-1), (44.17 and 59.48 ton.ha-1) for both seasons, respectively. It also recorded a Significant differences in the chemical parameters in the leaves, as Chlorophyll reached (265.51 and 203.12 mg.100 g-1 wet weight), N (4.883 and 2.293%), P (0.577 and 0.413%), K (2.467 and 2.660%) and B (65.60 and 63.56 mg. kg-1) for both seasons, respectively.
Abdulrasool, I. J. ., and Al-Malikshah, Z. R. J. 2022. Effect of Adding Fulzyme plus and Spraying with Green Tea Extract on Vegetative Growth and Yield of Pepper cv. California Wonder. Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 35(2), 302–312. https://doi.org/10.37077/25200860.2022.35.2.23
Abdul Rasool, I. J; K. D. H. Al-Jebory and F.H. Al-Sahaf. 2010. Effect of Foliar Application of Unigreen and Solu Potash on Yield and Quality of Potato Tuber. Jordan J. Agri. Sci. 6(1):111-119
Abou Seeda., M., A.; F.,A.,Hellal., S.,A.,A.,El sayed and E.,A.,Abou El -Nour .2017. Boron's importance in plant development and growth: A Review. Egypt .J. Agron .39(2):159-166
Al-Dulaimi,N.,H.,A and N.,J.,K.,Al-Amri .2020. Impact of Conocarpus erectus L. fertilizer, and some micronutrients on growth and production of potato. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51(3):865-873 https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i3.1041
Al-Dulaimi,N.,H.,A and N.,J.,K.,Al-Amri .2020. Stimulation growth and yield of potato by buttonwood pruning residues and spraying several micronutrients. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51(4) : 1048-1057. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i4.1083
Al-Gebory, K. D., S. S. Al-abbasy, A. M. H. Al–Khafagy, and K. A. Mustaf. 2014. The response of growth and seed yield of onion plant to spraying of some micronutrients. Iraq Journal Of Agricultural Research, 19 (5): 98;106
Ali, N. Shawqi, H. S. Rahi, and A. A. Shaker. 2014. Soil fertility. Scientific Books House for Printing, Publishing, and Distribution. Baghdad, Iraq. pp: 307.
AL-Jeboori, K. D., M. Z. K. AL-Mharib, A. Q. Hamdan, and A. H. Mahmood. 2017. Effect of irrigation intervals and foliar of salicylic acid on growth and yield of Potato. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 48(1): 242–247. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v48i1.440
Al-Khafagy, A. M. H. Application Effects of Some Organic Fertilizers on Productivity and Quality of Bulbs and Seeds of Onion. Master Thesis. Coll. of Agric., Univ. of Baghdad; pp:91
Al-Khafaji, A. M. H. H. and K. D. H. Al-jubouri. 2022. Influence of aqueous extract of barley sprouts, trehalose, and calcium on growth, quality and yield of carrot. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(1): 133-140. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i1.1517
Al-Khafaji, A. M. H. H. and K. D. H. Al-jubouri. 2022. Maximization carrot minerals preserve and antioxidant capacity by foliar application of aqueous barley sprouts extract, trehalose, and calcium. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(1):122-132. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i1.1515
Al-Khafaji, A. M. H. H., and K. D. H. Al-Jubouri. 2023. Upgrading growth, yield, and folate levels of lettuce via salicylic acid and spirulina, vermicompost aqueous extracts, 54(1):235-241. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i1.1696
Al-Khafaji, A. M. H. H., N. J. K. Al-Amri, and N. H. A. Al-Dulaimi. 2022. Growth, yield, and antioxidant traits of different parts of beetroot as affected by vermicompost and glutathione. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(5): 1107-1114. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i5.1623
AL-Mohammadi, S. M. and F. H. AL Mohammadi. 2012. Statistics and experimental design. dar osama for publication and distribution / amman, jordan. pp: 376.
Alrawi, M.M.A., Al-Mharib, M.Z.K., Alwan, A.M., Naser, A.R. 2023. Response seeds production of broad bean to foliar spray with magnesium and boron. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54 (1), 229-234. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i1.1695
Al-Rubaie; A. H. S. and K. D. H. Al-Jubouri. 2023. Effect of tocopherol, trehalose and soil improvement in water productivity and industrial potatoes under water stress. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54(4):979-995. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i4.1787
Al-Rubaie; A. H. S. and K. D. H. Al-Jubouri. 2023. Response of growth and yield of industrial potatoes to soil improvement and spraying with tocopherol and trehalose under water stress. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54(4):963-978. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i4.1786
AL-Shareefi, M.J.H. 2015. Effect of organic and chemical fertilizer on growth and yield Var. Desiree Solanum tuberosum L. Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 1(2): 50 – 53.
AL-Sultany, A.N. 2015. Effect of different levels of compost and humic acid on growth and yield of potato. M.Sc. Thesis, College of Agriculture, University of AL- Qasim,Green. pp: 82
Al-Tameemi, A. J.; A. W. A. A. Al-Juboori. 2021. Effect of levels and frequency of nitrogen application and the foliar spraying of boron on growth and yield of red cabbage. International Journal of Agricultural and Statistical Sciences, 16: 1667 – 1671.
Annon, A. H. and I. J. Abdulrasool. 2020. Effect of gamma radiation and ethyl methanesulfonate (ems) on potato salt stress tolerance in vitro. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51(4):982-990. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i4.1076
Annon, A. H. and I. J. Abdulrasool. 2020. Performance and molecular analysis of potato lines developed from gamma rays and ems applications. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51(5):1329-1336. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i5.1142
Al-Zaidi, M. A. H. and M. A. H. Al-Jumaili. 2022. Impact safe nutrients in raising production and chemical contents of potato. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(6):1397-1406. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i6.1655
Balemi, T. and K.Negisho .2012. Management of soil phosphorus and plant adaption mechanisms to phosphorus stress for sustainable crop production: a review. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition .12(3): 547-561
Barker, A.V.and D.J.Pilbeam .2007. Hand book of plant nutrition, CRC Taylor and Francis Group. pp: 662.
Hussein, M. J. And J. A. Abbas. 2016. Effect of organic and mineral fertilization on some growth and yield characteristics of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar Safran. Al-Furat Journal of Agricultural Sciences - 8(2): 75-81.
Ilyas.,M.;G.,A.,Imran.,A.,A.,Awan and M.,Ahmad .2021. Calcium and boron effect on production and quality of autumn potato crop under chilling temperature. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 52(4):375-388
Lenka,B. and S.,K.,Das .2019. Effect of boron and zinc application on growth and productivity of potato at alluvial soil (ENTISOLS) of India. Indian Journal of Agronomy 64(1):129-137.
Mandeep, K. S.; H.,C.,Raturi., D.,S.,Kachwaya and A.,Sharma .2019. Role of micronutrients in vegetable production: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. SP1: 332-340.
Mosleh, M. F. and. I. J. Abdul Rasool. 2019. Role of spraying boron and sugar alcohols on growth, yield and seed production on pepper. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 50 (2):646- 652. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v2i50.664
Muthanna M. A; A. K. Singh; A. Tiwari; V.K. Jain and M. Padhi. 2017. Effect of boron and sulphur application on plant growth and yield attributes of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6 (10): 399-404.
Myint, A; T. Yama Kawa; Y.Kajihara and T.Zenmoy .2010. Application of different organic and mineral fertilizers on the growth; yield and nutrient accumulation of rice in Japanese ordinary paddy field. Sci . Word .J. 5 (2): 47-54.
Pang, X.P.and J.Letey .2000. Oragnic farming: challeng of timing nitrogen availability to crop nitrogen requirements. Soil Sci. Am. J. 64: 247-253
Peter, M.B. and C.J. Rosen .2005. Nutrient cycling and maintaining soil fertility in fruit and vegetable crop systems. Department of Soil, Water and Climate – University of Minnesota. pp: 24.
Sabo M. U., M.A. Wailare ., S. Jari. And Y.M.Shuaibu. 2013. Effect of NPK fertilizer and spacing on growth and yield of watermelon (Citrillus lanatus L.) in Kaltungo local government area of gombe state, Nigeria, Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol, 3(8): 325-330
Sale, F. A.; T. F. Fadipe, and H. Adah, 2015. Effect of neem extract preparations and nutrient sources on performance of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) plant. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 11(2):221-225
Salih, H.O .2013. Effect of foliar fertilization of Fe, B and ZN on nutrient concentration and seed prolein of cowpea Vigna unguiculata. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS) V.6.Issue 3.PP:42-46
Salman, A. D., and E. J. Abdul Rasool. 2022. Effect of ozone enrichment and spraying with coconut water and moringa extract on vegetative growth and yield of broccoli plant under hydroponic system with modified NFT technology Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(2):406-414. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i2.1549
Salman, A. D., and E. J. Abdul Rasool. 2022. Effect of ozone enrichment and spraying with organic nutrient on nutrient and water use efficiency and fertilizer productivity of broccoli plant cultivated hydroponically with modified NFT technology. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(2):660-668. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i3.1576
Shayaa A. H, and W. A. Hussein 2019. Effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves extract and organic fertilizer in the productivity and quality of two potatoes Varieties, Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(1): 275- 285. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v50i1.293
Taiz, L.; E. Zeiger.; I.M.Moller and A.Murphy .2014. Plant Physiology and Development. 6th. ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc . Publisher Sunderland, Massachusetts pp: 761.
Tantawy, A. S., Y.A. Salama, S. A. Saleh and A. A. Ghoname. 2017. Enhancing yield and quality of two potato cultivars by using boron foliar Application. Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(3): 510-518.
Thomson,T.;K.,U.,Jyothi,P.,M.,S.,Suneeth and G.,N.,Murthy .2020. Effect of different doses and methods of boron application on days to sprouting, plant height and yield per plant of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cv. Kufri Surya in varied altitudes of andhra pradesh . The Pharma Innovation Journal. 9(3): 282-287.
Xu, X.; X.Du, F.Wang, J.Sha, Q.Chen, G.Tian, Z.Zhu , S.Ge and Y.Jiang .2020. Effect of potassium levels on plant growth, accumulation and distribution of carbon and nitrate metaolism in apple dwarf rootstock seedlings. Frontiers in Plant Science. 11:904.
Zainaldeen M, and E. J. Abdul Rasool. 2018. Effect of foliar application of gibberellin and nutrients on growth and yield of potato var. “burren”, Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences,49(2):168-176. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v49i2.232
Zainaldeen, M. A. and I. J. Abdul Rasool, 2023. Response of growth and yield of true potato seed plants to foliar application with organic nutrients. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 1158 042047.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.