EFFECT DIFFERENT LEVELS OF TURMERIC ROOT POWDER TO DIET ON SOME TRAITS OF BROILER EXPOSED TO HEAT STRESS

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i4.1607

Keywords:

turmeric, broilers, physiological characteristics, heat stress

Abstract

This study was carried out in the poultry field in Jadiriyah, affiliated with the Department of Animal Production / College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences - University of Baghdad. This experiment used 480 one-day-old, unsexed broiler chicks of the broiler breed (Ross-308) with an average weight of 39.8 g to investigate the effect of adding different levels of turmeric root (CURCUMA LONGA) (CURCUMA LONGA) powder to the diet on some characteristics and physiology of commercial broilers exposed to heat stress. Chicks were distributed randomly and equally between 4 treatments (120 chicks/treatment), and each treatment included 3 replicates, at a rate of (40 chicks/repeat). Chicks were fed on the starter, growth and final diet for up to 6 weeks, and at the end of the experiment, at 42 days old, 12 birds were selected from each treatment at a rate of 4/duplicate treatment. The birds were placed in their kennel within an isolated space in the breeding hall and exposed to a temperature of (36-39-42°C) for 3 hours. The results of the experiment showed a significant increase (P > 0.05) in total protein, albumin, globulin and high-density lipoprotein. The results also showed a significant decrease in cholesterol, LDL, VLDL, GOT enzyme level, sodium and potassium concentration, heterophil cells and the ratio (H/L), and turmeric treatments did not show a significant effect on basal, acidic and monocyte blood cells, and the results indicated a significant increase in the values of PCV and HDL cells. White blood, lymphocytes, chlorine concentration, GSH-PX and CAT enzyme levels in the blood. It can be concluded from this study that the addition of turmeric root powder at a rate of 6.5% has a positive effect on improving some physiological characteristics of broilers exposed to heat stress.

References

Abo-Zaid, M. A.; E. S. Shaheen, and A. H. Ismail. 2020. Immunomo dulatory effect of curcumin on hepatic cirrhosis in experimental rats. J. Food Biochem. 44, e13219

Ahmad T, Abd M. Sarwar. 2006. Dietary electrolyte balance: implications for heat- Stressed broilers. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 62: 638

Baghban P, M. Daneshyar and R. Najafi .2016 Effects of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa) powders on performance, enzyme activity, and blood parameters of broiler chickens under heat stress. Poultry Science Journal 4:47-53

Bagheri, H. F. Ghasemi,; G. E. Barreto, R. Rafiee, T. Sathyapalan and A.E. Sahebkar, A. E 2020. of curcumin on mitochondria in neurodegenerative diseases. Biofactors 46, 5–20

Basavaraj M, V. Nagabhushana N. Prakash, M. M. Appannavar ,P. Wagmare and S. Mallikarjunappa S .2011. Effect of dietary supplementation of curcuma longa on the biochemical profile and meat characteristics of broiler rabbits under summer stress. Veterinary World 4 (1):15-18

Borges S. A, A. V.Fischer da Silva ,A. Majorka , D. M. Hooge and K. R. Cummings . 2004. Physiological responses of broiler chickens to heat stress and dietary electrolyte balance (sodium plus potassium minus chloride, milliequivalent per kilogram).Poultry Science, 83: 1551-1558

Bottje, W., N. R., Pumford, C., Ojano-Dirain, M., Iqbal, and K. Lassiter. 2006 Feed efficiency and mitochondrial function. Poultry Science, 85(1):8-14

Chainani-Wu, N. 2003. Safety and anti-inflammatory activity of curcumin: A Component of tumeric (Curcuma longa). J. Altern. Complement. Med. 9, 161–168.

Duncan, D. B.. 1955. Multiple range test and F-test. Biometrics, 11: 1- 42

Emadi, M., H. Kermanshahi and E. Maroufyan. 2007. Effect of varying levels of turmeric rhizome powder on some blood parameters of broiler chickens fed corn soyabean meal based diets.Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6 (5), 345-348

Hussein, S. N. 2013. Effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa) powder on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and serum biochemical parameters in broilers. Journal of Advanced Biomedical and Pathology Research, 3, 2, pp. 25-32

Giordano, A., and G. Tommonaro, 2019. Curcumin and cancer. Nutrients, 11 (10), 2376

‏Kim, K.J.; K.Y. Yoon, H.D.; Hong, H.D. and B.Y. Lee, 2012. Schisandra chinensis prevents hepatic lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress in ratssubjected to heat environmental stress. Phytother. Res., 26:1674–1680

Khan, M. M.; A. Madni, F. P. Nayab Tahir, S. Khan, N. Jan, N.; A. Ali, ;M. Abdurrahim, U. Farooq, and M. I.CO. Khan.2020. Delivery of Curcumin and Cisplatin to Enhance Cytotoxicity of Cisplatin Using Lipid-Chitosan Hybrid Nanoparticles. Int. J. Nanomed. 15, 2207

Lopez-Malo, D.; C. A.Villaron-Casares, J. Alarcon-Jimenez, M. Miranda, M.. Diaz-Llopis, F. J. Romero, and V. M. Villar. 2020. Curcumin as a Therapeutic Option in Retinal Diseases. Antioxidants 9,48

Montagat, G., C. M.Bladé, J. Blay, G. Fernández-Larrea, M.J. Pujadas, L. Salvadó, M. Arola, M. Pinent and A. Ardévol. 2010. Effects of grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) on insulin resistance. J. Nutr. Biochem., 10: 1016

Nandan, A. and Vipin, 2014. Curcuma longa has a bioremediative effect on endosulfan-induced kidney and liver damage in albino mice.Indian J. Biotechnol. Pharm. Res., 2: 23-27

Nawab, A.,G. Li, , W. Liu, R. Lan, J. Wu, Y. Zhao, K. Kang, B., Kieser, C. Sun, C., S.Tang, , M. Xiao, and L. An,. 2019. Effect of Dietary Curcumin on the Antioxidant Status of Laying Hens under High-Temperature Conditions. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 21

Namagirilakshmi S. 2005. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a nutraceutical used to improve broiler performance. M.V.Sc., thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India

NRC (National Research Council). .1994. National requirements of Poultry 9th ed. National academic press Washington DC

Pricci, M.; B..Girardi, F. Giorgio, G. Losurdo, E. Ierardi, and A. Di Leo. 2020. Curcumin and Colorectal Cancer: From Basic to Clinical Evidence. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, 2364

Sahin, K., 2015. Modulation of NF-κB and Nrf2 pathways by lycopene supplementation in heat-stressed poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal, 71(2): 271- 284

Sahin, N., K., Sahin, and O. Kucuk, 2001. Effect of Vitamin (E) and Vitamin (A) Supplementation on Performance. Thyroid status and serum concentrations of some metabolites and minerals in broilers reared under heat stress (320c) Vit Med. Czech,4611/12):286-292

SAS. 2001. The SAS System for Windows. Release 9.1. SAS Institute, Cary, USA

Santini, A.and E. Novellino . 2014. Nutraceuticals: Beyond diet before drugs. Curr. Bioact. Comp. 10,1–12

Stano J, D.Grancai , D.Neubert and J.Kresanek 2000. Curcumin as a potential antioxidant, Ceska Slov Farm, 49: 168-170

Wang, D., H. L.Huang, W. Zhou, H. Li, G. Zhou, J. Hou, J. Liu and L. Hu, 2015. Effects of dietary supplementation with turmeric

rhizome extract on growth performance, carcass characteristics, antioxidant capability, and meat quality of wenchang broiler chickens. Ital. J. Animal Sci., vol. 14, pp. 344-349

Xu Y, X.Lai ,X. Zhang , and Q. Luo .2018. Effect of chronic heat stress on some physiological and immunological parameters in different breeds of broilers. Poultry Science 97:4073-4082

Yaman T., A. Uyar ,L. Celik . E. L., Alkan, O. F. Keles and Z. Yener . 2017. Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Study of Antidiabetic Effects of Heracleum persicum Extract in Experimentally Diabetic Rats. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 51: 15-21

Yarru LP, R.S. Settivari , N.K.S. Gowda , E. Antoniou , DR. Ledoux and GE. Rottinghau.2009. Effects of turmeric (Curcuma longa) on the expression of hepatic genes associated with biotransformation, antioxidant, and immune systems in broiler chicks fed aflatoxin. Poultry Science 88 (12),2620–1627.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-30

How to Cite

H., M. A. . and Al-Hassani, A. S. (2022) “EFFECT DIFFERENT LEVELS OF TURMERIC ROOT POWDER TO DIET ON SOME TRAITS OF BROILER EXPOSED TO HEAT STRESS”, IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 53(4), pp. 950–957. doi: 10.36103/ijas.v53i4.1607.

Issue

Section

Articles