EFFECT OF DIETARY SUMAC AND FIBROLYTIC ENZYMES ON SOME PRODUCTIVE AND HAEMATOLOGICAL TRAITS OF LAMBS

Authors

  • L. I. Hadi
  • M. J. Al-Saadi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/4hf1tp36

Keywords:

treatment, weight, feed conversion ratio, Hemoglobin, WBCs

Abstract

The research was conducted at the Animal Farm of the University of Baghdad's College of Veterinary Medicine to assess the effect of dietary grind seeds of Sumac and Exogenous Fibrolytic Enzymes(EFE) on some  productive and haematological traits of Awassi male lambs from the period 1/2/2021 to 1/6/2021. Twenty-four Awassi male lambs with 3-4 months of age, and  divided into four groups based on body weight . Dietary treatments were as following: G1 (control) equal nourished  concentrate diet at the rate of 2.5% body weight (B.W) with alfalfa hay daily, G2 was fed on the similar diet as control group and was given 15g/head  dried grind seeds of Rhus Coriaria daily with diet, G3 was fed on the similar diet that was presented in G1 with 5g/head of (EFE) daily, G4 was fed on the same diet in G1 with a 15g/head  dried grind seeds of Rhus Coriaria and 5g/head of EFE. The results of live body weight, monthly weight gain and feed conversion ratio showed significant increased (p<0.05) of G2, G3, G4 comparing with G1.Also values of Hemoglobin, showed significance exceed (p<0.05) of G2, G3, G4 compared with G1. Values of RBCs showed that G4 significance exceed (p<0.05) other groups from the 3rd month to the end of experiment, while G3 and G2 significance exceed G1 at the last month of experiment. Values of total WBCs showed non-significance difference among different groups. In conclusion, these result showed the significant effect of Rhus Coriaria and (EFE) consumption on some productive and heamatological aspects of Awassi male lambs.  

References

Abid, K., J. Jabri, H. Ammar, S.B. Said, H. Yaich, A Malek and M. Kamoun. 2020. Effect of treating olive cake with fibrolytic enzymes on feed intake, digestibility and performance in growing lambs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 261: 114405

Alawsy, T. T. J. and E.F. Al-Jumaili. 2020. Antioxidant activity of tannic acid purified from sumac seeds (Rhus coriaria L.): its scavenging effect on free radical and active oxygen. Plant Archives. 20(1): 2901-2906

Alsamri, H., K. Athamneh, G. Pintus, A. H. Eid and R. Iratni. 2021. Pharmacological and antioxidant activities of Rhus coriaria L.(Sumac). Antioxidants, 10(1): 73

Anghileri, L. J. and P. Thouvenot. 2000. Natural polyphenols-iron interaction. Biol. Trace Element Res. 73(3): 251-258

Arif, M., A.A. Al-Sagheer, A.Z.M. Salem, M.E. Abd El-Hack, A.A. Swelum, M. Saeed and M. Akhtar. 2019. Influence of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes on milk production efficiency and nutrient utilization in early lactating buffaloes fed diets with two proportions of oat silage to concentrate ratios. Livestock Sci. 219: 29-34

Barrera M, M. Cervantes , W.C. Sauer, A.B. Araiza, N. Torrentera and M. Cervantes. 2004. Ileal amino acid digestibility and performance of growing pigs fed wheatbased diets supplemented with xylanase. J. Anim. Sci. 82:1997– 2003

Beauchemin, K. A., D. Colombatto, D.P. Morgavi and W. Z. Yang. 2003. Use of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes to improve feed utilization by ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 81(14_suppl_2): E37-E47

Beigh, Y. A., A. M. Ganai, H.A. Ahmad, D. M. Mir, M. A. Bhat and S. Muzamil. 2018. Blood metabolic profile of lambs fed complete diet supplemented with exogenous fibrolytic enzymes cocktail. J. Anim. Heal. Prod. 6: 96-102

Carballo, O. C., M. A. Khan, F. W. Knol, S. J. Lewis, D. R. Stevens, R. A. Laven and S. A. McCoard. 2019. Impact of weaning age on rumen development in artificially reared lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 97(8): 3498-3510

Dalar, A., A. Dogan, A. S Bengu, M. Mukemre and I. Celik. 2018. Screening in vivo antioxidant and haematological properties of sumac and acorn bioactive rich extracts. Ind. Crops and Products. 124: 20-27

Duke, J.A., M. J. Bogenschutz-Godwin, J. duCellier and P.A.K. Duke. 2003. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Washington, DC, pp. 269-270

Elsidding, M. A. 2019. A review on effect of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes in ruminant nutrition. J. Agric. Sci. and Soil Sci. 7(12):170-176

Gado, H. M., A. Z. M. Salem, P. H. Robinson and M. Hassan. 2009. Influence of exogenous enzymes on nutrient digestibility, extent of ruminal fermentation as well as milk production and composition in dairy cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 154(1-2): 36-46

Gallardo, B., M. G. Manca, A. R. Mantecón, A. Nudda and T. Manso. 2015. Effects of linseed oil and natural or synthetic vitamin E supplementation in lactating ewes' diets on meat fatty acid profile and lipid oxidation from their milk fed lambs. Meat Sci. 102: 79–89

Ghanim, H., S Dhindsa, M. Batra, K Green, S. Abuaysheh, N. D. Kuhadiya and P. Dandona. 2019. Effect of testosterone on FGF2, MRF4, and myostatin in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: Relevance to muscle growth. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metabolism. 104(6): 2094-2102

Gurbuz, Y. and A.I. Ismael. 2016. Effect of peppermint and basil as feed additive on broiler performance and carcass characteristics. Iranian J. Applied Anim. Sci. 6: 149-156

Hendawy, A. O., M. M. Mansour and A. N. El-Din. 2019. Effects of medicinal plants on haematological indices, colostrum, and milk composition of ewes. J. Vet. Med. and Anim. Sci. 2(1): 1-5

Huang, Q., X. Liu, G. Zhao, T. Hu and Y. Wang. 2018. Potential and challenges of tannins as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics for farm animal production. Anim. Nutri. 4(2): 137-150

Jafari, S., G. Y. Meng, M. A. Rajion, M. F. Jahromi and M. Ebrahimi. 2016. Manipulation of rumen microbial fermentation by polyphenol rich solvent fractions from papaya leaf to reduce green-house gas methane and biohydrogenation of C18 PUFA. J. Agric. Food Chemis. 64(22): 4522-4530

Jinan, A. S. and A. H. Zainab. 2012. Study of the inhibitory effect of the ethanolic extract of a number of local medicinal plants on the growth of proteus spp. in vitro. The Iraqi J .Vet.Med. 37(1): 40–46

Kienzle, Ellen. 2002. Further developments in the prediction of metabolizable energy (ME) in pet food. The J. Nutri. 132.6: 1796S-1798S

Kizil, S. and M. Turk. 2010. Microelement contents and fatty acid compositions of Rhus coriaria L. and Pistacia terebinthus L. fruits spread commonly in the south eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Nat. Prod. Res. 24(1): 92-98

Kossah, R., C. Nsabimana, H. Zhang and W. Chen. 2010. Optimization of extraction of polyphenols from Syrian sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) and Chinese sumac (Rhus typhina L.) fruits. Res. J. Phytochem. 4(3): 146-153

Mahdi, A.S. 2020. Role of Dietary Dried Red Grape pomace with Saccharomyces cerevisiae on some Physiological and Productive Aspects in Awassi Male Lambs. Ph.D. Thesis in Vet. Public Health. Univ. of Baghdad, Baghdad-Iraq

Millam, J. J., S. Iliya, D. M. Babale, H. Y. Abbaya, P. A. John and L. R. Yakubu. 2020. Changes in the performance and blood indices of red Sokoto bucks fed diets containing soybean curd residue. Nigerian J. Anim. Prod. 47(1): 290- 299

Molina, A., L. Gallego, J. I. Perez and R. Bernabeu. 1991. Growth of Manchega lambs in relation to body condition of dam, season of birth, type of birth and sex. Avances en Alimentacion Mejora Animal. 31(5): 198-205

Murraya, P.J., I. W. Purvisa, I. H. Williamsa and P. T. Dolyleb. 1994. Live weight gain and feed conversion efficiency of fine or broad wool strains of Merino Sheep. Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 20:277-280

Nair, K. M and L. F. Augustine. 2018. Food fortification and dietary diversification as effective interventions to improve iron status of Indian population. proceedings of the Indian Nat. Sci. Acad. 84(4): 891-897

Nudda, A., F. Correddu, A. Marzano, G. Battacone, P. Nicolussi, P. Bonelli and G. Pulina. 2015. Effects of diets containing grape seed, linseed, or both on milk production traits, liver and kidney activities, and immunity of lactating dairy ewes. J. Dairy Sci. 98(2): 1157-1166

Okada, R. H and H.P. Schwan. 1960. An electrical method to determine hematocrits. IRE Transactions on Medical Electronics, (3): 188-192

Ouyang, J., M. Wang, Q. Hou, D. Feng, Y. Pi and W. Zhao. 2019. Effects of dietary mulberry leaf powder in concentrate on the rumen fermentation and ruminal epithelium in fattening Hu Sheep. Anim. 9(5): 218

Ozcan, M. and H. Haciseferogullari. 2004. A condiment sumac fruits: some ophysicochemical properties. Bulg. J. Plant Physiol. 30: 74-84

Bhadra, P. and A. Deb. 2020. A review on nutritional anemia. Indian J. Nat. Sci. 10(59), 18466-18474

Salem, A. Z. M., H. M. Gado, D. Colombatto and M. M. Y. Elghandour. 2013. Effects of exogenous enzymes on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation and growth performance in beef steers. Livestock Sci. 154(1-3): 69-73

SAS.2010.SAS/STAT Users Guide for Personal computer. Release 9.13.SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, N.C., USA

Taha, S. O. 2013. In vivo antimicrobial activity of ethanol extract of sumac (Rhus coriaria) on Klebsiella pneumoniae. Br. J. Pharmacol. and Toxicol. 4(1): 1-4

Vahid Dastjerdi, A., S. Torkan and M. Jafarian. 2018. Evaluation of the immunological changes in the use of sumac herb powder (Rhus coriaria) compared with Levamisole in dogs. J. of Med. Herbs. 9(1): 17-22.‏‏

Downloads

Published

2024-04-28

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

L. I. Hadi, & M. J. Al-Saadi. (2024). EFFECT OF DIETARY SUMAC AND FIBROLYTIC ENZYMES ON SOME PRODUCTIVE AND HAEMATOLOGICAL TRAITS OF LAMBS . IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 55(2), 683-690. https://doi.org/10.36103/4hf1tp36

Publication Dates

Similar Articles

1-10 of 710

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.