EFFECT OF RICE STRAW ON SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF IRAQI BUFFALO (Bubalus Bubalis)

Authors

  • Ali J. I.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/rzd0z126

Keywords:

ruminant, urea, fungi, serum profile, biological treatment, chemical treatment

Abstract

This study was aimed to show the changes of some blood parameters by the effect of biological and chemical treatment of rice straw ,It was conducted at The Ruminant Research Station in Abu Ghraib / Directorate of / Agricultural Researches / Ministry of Agriculture, for the period from June 1, 2021 until August 27, 2021 (preceded by the preliminary period 14 days), The study included 12 Iraqi buffalo calves aged 5 - 6 months. the calves were randomly divided into three equal groups (4 calves / group), kept in individual pens and distributed among group.T1 (the control group) in which the calves were fed on untreated rice straw T2 the calves were fed on rice straw treated with urea at a rate of 3% T3 the calves were fed on rice straw treated with Trichoderma harzianum at a rate of 0.1%. The triglycerides concentration were decreased significantly (p≤0.05) in the T2 (11.28 mg/dL) and T3 (11.32 mg/dL) compared with T1 (20.79 mg/dL). similarly, the level of very low-density lipoprotein (vLDL) was decreased 2.25, 2.26, 4.16 mg/dL for T2, T3, and T1, respectively. The creatinine concentration in T2(87.19 mmol/L) was significantly decrease than that of T1(177.8 mmol/L) and T3(176.75 mmol/L). Also, ALP concentration increased in T2 (238.93 IU/liter) compared with T1. (151.82 IU/liter), while it did not differ significantly with T3( 205.83 IU/liter) Also T3 did not differ significantly from T1. The differences in the concentration of lipid profile, protein fractions and enzymes activity among groups lacked significance , feeding of rice straw treated biologically and chemically had no negative effect on buffalo calves health.

References

Abdulkareem, T. A., S. M. Eidan, F. K. Alsaidy and N. K. Al-Hassani. 2023. Effect of pre-and post-mating vitamin AD3E treatment on reproductive performance of Awassi ewes. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54(2), 431-437. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i2.1717

Abdulkareem, T.A., S.A. Al-Sharifi, S.M. Eidan, and R.G.Sasser.2012. Reproductive and productive performance of Iraqi buffaloes as influenced of pre-mating and pre-calving concentrate supplementation. Pak. Vet. J, 32(3):345-348

Abdulkareem, T.A., S.M. Eidan, A.M. Shubber , F.F.Ibrahim, M.D. Ali, and O.A. Mohammed.2020. Reference Physiological Values in Different Animal Species.pp:18-21

Ahmad, F., A. Asghar, , F.Wadood, , A.Yaseen, , M.Akmal, M. Mubeeen, and N. Mujahid, .2019. Response of alkali treated rice husk in buffalo calves on growth, dry matter intake, nutrient digestibility and blood metabolites. Pak. J. Sci. 71(2).‏

Alkhazraji H. T., H J H, Banana. and M-BM R, Fakhrildin, 2023. Effect of cryoprotectants and cryopreservation methods on the quality of Buffalo Oocytes. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54(5),1322-1328. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i5.1832

Al-Saedi, A. J. A. and T. A. Abdulkareem. 2022. Comparison of semen quality for three lines of Holstein bulls. 1. Some immediate and microscopic characteristics. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53 (4),752-759. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i4.1585

ALWAELI, S. N. A. 2016. Effect of barley straw treatment with Trichoderma harzianum fungi, iraqi Probiotic and Baker’s yeast on Awassi Lambs Performance. M.Sc., College of Agriculture/ University of Baghdad‏.pp:46-62. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.26395.08481

AOAC. 2012. Official Methods of Analysis, 19th ed.; Association of Official Analytical Chemists: Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Bishop, M.L.; J.L. Dube-Engelkirk and E.P. Fody . 2000 . Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Correlation’s , Procedures. 4th. ed., J.B. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Philadelphia pp.405-416

Buchet, R., J. L. Millán and D. Magne .2013. Multisystemic Functions of Alkaline Phosphatases. Phosphatase modulators,pp: 27-51.‏ DOI: 10.1007/978-1-62703-562-0_3

Caird, F. and T. Judge , Modern . 1980. Topicsin Paediatric Dermatology. Edited by JULIAN Verbov. pp: 220, Illustrated. William Heinemann Medical Books, London, 1979.£ 11.50 . Postgraduate Medical Journal, 56:216-220.

Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple Ftests. Biometrics, 11(1), 1-42.‏ https://doi.org/10.2307/3001478

El-Naggar, S., S. Gad, Z. Mahasneh, M. Tawilla and G Abou-Ward. 2023. Impact of adding Ajwain seeds to the mail lambs rations as growth promoters. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 54(6):1557–1564. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i6.1856

Ibrahim, A.J., Al-Samaraae, W.H. and Ajil, H.M., 2022. Effect of chemically and biologically treated rice straw on some productive characteristics of Iraqi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calves. Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences, 9(3), pp.26-35. https://doi.org/10.59658/jkas.v9i3.993

Hassan, S. A., and S. M. N. Muhamad .2009. Responses of Karadi lambs to urea-treated and non-treated barley straw with two levels of rumen undegradable nitrogen. Jordan. J. Agric. Sci, 5: 98-110

Hernández-Mosqueira, C., C. Velez-delValle, and W. Kuri-Harcuch, .2015. Tissue alkaline phosphatase is involved in lipid metabolism and gene expression and secretion of adipokines in adipocytes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects, 1850(12), 2485-2496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2015.09.014

Heymsfield, S. B., C.Arteaga, C. McManus , J. Smith , and S. Moffitt, .1983. Measurement of muscle mass in humans: validity of the 24-hour urinary creatinine method. The American Journal of Clinical nutrition, 37(3), 478-494. ‏ https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/37.3.48

MAFF .1975. Energy allowances and feeding systems for ruminants. Ministry of Agriculture, Feed and Fisheries Technical Bulletin No. 33. (H.M.S.O.: London).

Mazur, N. P., V. V. Fedorovych, E. I. Fedorovych , O. V. Fedorovych, P. V. Bodnar, B. V. Gutyj , and , N. I. Pakholkiv 2020. Effect of morphological and biochemical blood composition on milk yield in Simmental breed cows of different production types. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(2): 61-67.‏

Mendel, B., A. Kemp, and D.K. Myers, 1954. A colorimetric micro-method for the determination of glucose. Biochemical Journal,56(4):639. https://doi.org/10.1042%2Fbj0560639

Proctor,D.N.,P.C.O’brien,E.J.Atkinson and K. S. Nair, .1999. Comparison of techniques to estimate total body skeletal muscle mass in people of different age groups. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology And Metabolism ,277(3):E489-E495. DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.1999.277..E489

Reust, C.E., and L.Hall .2001.What is the differential diagnosis of an elevated alkaline phosphatase (AP) level in an otherwise asymptomatic patient?. Journal of Family Practice, 50(6): 496-496

Richmond, W. 1973. Preparation and properties of a cholesterol oxidase from Nocardia sp. and its application to the enzymatic assay of total cholesterol in serum. Clinical chemistry, 19(12),1350-1356. https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/19.12.1350

SAS. 2012. Statistical analysis system, users guide. Statistical. Version 9.1th ed.SAS .Inst.Inc.Cary .N.C.USA

Son, D. H., H. S. Ha and Y. J. Lee .2021. Association of serum alkaline phosphatase with the TG/HDL ratio and tyg index in korean adults. Biomolecules, 11(6), 882. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11060882

Syahrir, S., K. G. Wiryawan, A. Parakkasi and M. Winugroho .2010. Blood profile of beef cattle offered mulberry leave meal to substitute feed concentrate. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan, 1(1): 12-18. https://doi.org/10.20956/jitp.v1i1.659

Thaer A. M. Al-Mamouri, J. A. Tawfeeq Al-Ani .2024. Effect of Replacing treated and untreated Corn impurities with Urea instead of Wheat Bran on productive performance of Awassi lambs. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences –2024:55(1):587-594 https://doi.org/10.36103/zr148430

Tietz, N. W. 1987 . Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry, 3rd edn, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA

Tiwari, R. K., A. K. Garg, and P. Singh . 2013. Changes in the chemical composition of sugarcane crop residues treated with different levels of urea and moisture. Veterinary World, 6(12): 1004.

https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2013.1004-1007

Weiland, P. .1988. Principles of Solid-State Fermentation. Treatment of Lignocellulosic with White Rot Fungi . (ed) by Zadrazil, F. and Reiniger, P. Elseverier Appl. Sci., London and New York, pp : 64 – 76.

Whitaker, D. A., W. J. Goodger, M. Garcia , B. M. A. O. Perera and F. Wittwer .1999. Use of metabolic profiles in dairy cattle in tropical and subtropical countries on smallholder dairy farms. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 38(2-3), 119-131.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/S01675877(98)00118-4

Wotton, I.D.P 1964. Micro - Analysis in Medical Biochemistry. 4th edn. Churchill Livingsstone, London.pp:509

Wanapat, M. and Wachirapakorn, C., 1990. Utilization of roughage and concentrate by feedlot swamp buffaloes (Bubalus Bubalis). Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 3(3), pp.195-203. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1990.195

Zakrzewska, H., J.Udala, , and B. Blaszczyk, 2002. In vitro influence of sodium fluoride on ram semen quality and enzyme activities. Fluoride, 35(3), 153-160.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-28

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Ali J. I. (2024). EFFECT OF RICE STRAW ON SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF IRAQI BUFFALO (Bubalus Bubalis) . IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 55(2), 626-632. https://doi.org/10.36103/rzd0z126

Publication Dates

Similar Articles

1-10 of 596

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.