EFFECT OF SPRAYING BA AND ZN AT VEGETATIVE AND ROOT SYSTEM GROWTH OF PLUM SAPLINGS

Authors

  • A. Y. Salih
  • A. Q. Hamdan
  • S. M. Tarkan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/pc2j7e81

Keywords:

leave area, root volume, chlorophyll, carbohydrates, magnesium.

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate effects of Benzyl Adenine and Zinc sulfate on Plum trees growth, at the field of Depart. Horticultural and Landscape, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Baghdad, during the spring season of 2021. Spraying three different concentrations (0, 50, and 100) mg.L-1 of Benzyl adenine and foliar applications of Zinc sulfate with three different concentrations (0, 25, and 50) mg.L-1 on vegetative and root system traits, as well as the chemical content of Plum seedlings (Prunus domestica L.) grafted on to Apricot rootstocks. The experiment conducted using factorial experiment with a Randomized Complete Block Design and, three replicates, Two seedlings per treatment, were used. The results revealed significant differences concerning the foliar application of Benzyl Adenine, particularly at the 100 mg/L concentration. which had a substantial impact on various vegetative traits. Additionally, it exhibited a superior effect on root characteristics.. Conversely, Zinc element demonstrated significant superiority at the concentration of 50 mg/L concerning the same vegetative and root traits,.

References

Al-Ahmad, A.A., M. Batha, and b. Muzhar .2023. Impact of thinning and foliar-boron-zinc spray on some morphological and physiological indicators in apple tree (Malus domestica CV. Golden delicious)- "tartous governotate" Iraqi journal of agricultural sciences. 54(3):874-883. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i3.1771

Al-Atrushy, Sh.M.M. 2021. Effect of foliar application of zinc and salicylic acid on vegetative growth and yield characteristics of halawani grape cultivar (Vitis vinifera L.). Iraqi journal of agricultural sciences. 52(4):989-998. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v52i4.1410

Al-Hadethi, M. E. A. 2019. Role of potassium and seaweed extracts on growth and leaf mineral content of "Ashrasi" olive transplants. Plant archives. Vol. 19: pp. 144-146

Arnon, D. I. 1949. Copper enzymes isolated chloroplasts Poly phenol Oxidize in Beta vulgaris . plant physiol., 24:1-15

Autio, A. M. and Day, M. E.. 2016. Cytokinins Phytohormonal effects on crown structure. Arboriculture & urban forestry ,42(1):p 1-20

Bani, S. H. S. and Salih, H. A. 2020. Response of some vegetative growth characteristics of peach (Prunus persica L.) cv. Dixired transplants to foliar spray with urea and some growth regulators. Journal of university of Duhok., vol.23, No.1 (Agri. And Vet. Sciences): p(65-76).

Chapman , H. D. , Pratt, P. F. 1961. Method of analysis for soil ,plant and water. University of California, division of agricultural sciences

Daphedar, A., Taranath, T. C. 2018. Green Synthesis of zinc nanoparticles using leaf extract of Albizia samen (Jacq.) Merr. And their effect on root Meristems of Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop. International Journal of Cytology, Cytosystematics and Cytogenetics. 71(2): 93-102

Hamood, A.K. and Majeed, B.H. 2017. Effect of benzyl adenine and salicylic acid on growth and total alkaloids production of wethinia (Withania somnifera L.) in vitro. . Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 48(1):256-265. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v48i1.442

Hasani, M., Zmani, Z., Savaghebi, G. and Fatahi, R. 2012. Effect of zinc and manganese as foliar spray on pomegranate yield, fruit quality and leaf minerals. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition. 12(3),p:471-480

Ibrahim, Z. R. and Tayib, A. A. 2019. Effect of foliar application of Aminoplasma, boron, zinc and their interactions of fruit set and yield characteristics of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) cv. Halaby. Iraqi journal of agricultural sciences. 50(5):1281-1289. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v50i5.793

Joslyn, M. A. 1970. Method in Food Analysis Physical, Chemical and Instrumental. Method of analysis 2nd ed. Academic press New York and London.

Kadhom, A.Y, and Salih, A.Y.2019. The effect of foliar fertilization and root stimulate at growth of olive's (Olea europaea L.) saplings (NABALI and ASHRACI). Plant Archives. 19(1):PP. 169-175

Khattab, E. A., El-Housini, E. A. and Badr, E. A.. 2019. Simulative response to quantity and quality of JOJOBA oil by gibberellic acid and benzyl adenine. Iraqi journal of agricultural sciences. 50(4):1077-1085. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v50i4.752

Osama, S.S. 2022. Micropropagation pf grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) CVS. RED GLOBE and SUPERIOR. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 53(4): 833-849. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i4.1596

Page, A.L.; Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. 1982. Methods of soil analysis. Part2, Amer. Soc. Inc. publisher Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Pons, T.L., W. Jordi, and D. Kuiper. 2001. Acclimation of plants to light gradients in leaf canopies: evidence for a possible role for Cytokinins transported in the transpiration stream. Journal of Experimental Botany 52(360): 1563-1574.

Saa, S., Negron, C. and Brown, P. 2018. Foliar Zinc application in Prunus: from lab experience to orchard Management. Scientia Horticulturae . p:233-237

Shaymaa, M.A., Z.R. Ibrahim, and H.S. Nabi. 2022. Response of almond seedling (Prunus amygdalus) to spray of aminoplasmal, humic acid and boron. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 53(2): 415-428. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i2.1550

Swietlik, D. 1999. Zinc nutrition in Horticultural crops. Horticultural Reviews. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York. 23. 109-180

Swietlik, D. 2002. Zinc nutrition of fruit trees by foliar sprays. Acta. Hort. 594:123-129.

Tariq, M., Sharif, M.Z., and Khan, R. 2007. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on yield and quality of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L.). Pakistan journal of biological sciences. 10(11):1823-1828

Weismann, H. and Nehring, K. 1960. Agriculture chemische untersuchun gsmethoden fure duenge und futtermittel. Boden und mileh. Dritte voelling neubeasrbeeitete auflage. Verlag paul parey. Hamburg und Berlin. West Germany.

Wolf, J., Kiss, T., Ondrášek, I. and Nečas, T. 2019. Induction of lateral branching of sweet cherry and plum in fruit nursery. Notulae Botanic Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 47(3):962-969

Yaseen, S.A. 2022. Micropropagation of Viburnum opulus (ROSEUM) by using single nodes. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 53(6): 1388-1396. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i6.1654

Downloads

Published

2024-02-25

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

A. Y. Salih, A. Q. Hamdan, & S. M. Tarkan. (2024). EFFECT OF SPRAYING BA AND ZN AT VEGETATIVE AND ROOT SYSTEM GROWTH OF PLUM SAPLINGS. IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 55(1), 453-458. https://doi.org/10.36103/pc2j7e81

Similar Articles

1-10 of 376

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.