HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF USING RAW LENTIL SEEDS AS A PARTIAL SUBSTITUTE FOR THE FISH MEAL IN DIETS OF THE COMMON CARP CYPRINUS CARPIO L.

Authors

  • Nasreen M. Abdulrahman
  • Z. S. Abdulla
  • S. M. Hassan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v54i4.1807

Keywords:

fish, replacement, kidney, liver, gill

Abstract

 This experiment was carried out at College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani. Microscopically, no adverse histopathological changes were seen in the kidneys, liver, gills and intestines of Cyprinus carpio for T2(replacing fishmeal with 5% lentil) and T3 (replacing fishmeal with 10% lentil) in comparison with the control (T1). However, various levels of adverse histopathological changes were seen in the T4(replacing fish meal with 15% lentil) and T5 (replacing fishmeal with 20% lentil). In the kidneys, dilation of the Bowman’s spaces was evidently associated with a decrease in the mesangial cellularity of glomerular tuft. In the liver, congestion of the central vein was apparent together with centrilobular infiltration of inflammatory cells. In the gills, hyperplasia of primary and secondary lamellae was evident. In the intestine, vacuolar degeneration of the lining epithelial cells was apparent together with extravasation of RBCs associated with marked infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lamina propria. In conclusion, the partial replacement of the fishmeal in diets of C. carpio by crude lentil seeds was safe at the 5% and 10% levels as indicated by various levels of adverse histopathological effects on the kidneys, liver, gills, and intestine.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abalaka, S.E., M.Y., Fatihu, N.D.G., Ibrahim and S.F. Ambali. 2015. Gills and skin histopathological evaluation in African Sharptooth Catfish Clarias gariepinus exposed to ethanol extract of Adenium Obesum Stem Bark, Egy. J. Aquat. Res. 41: 119–127.

Al-Hassani, S.T. and Mustafa, S.A. 2022. Efficiency of synbiotic as feed additives on growth performance, survival rate and health status in common carp challenged with saprolegnia spp. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 53(2):397-405. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i2.1548

Alwash, S.W., J. K. Al-Faragi, and T. M. Al-Saadi, 2022. Efficiency of copper nanoparticles coated mint as antifungal against saprolegniasis disease in common carp. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(5): 1129- 1137. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i5.1626

Amarowicz, R., I. Estrella, T. Hernández, M. Dueñas, A. Troszynska and A. Kosinska. 2009. Antioxidant activity of a red lentil extract and its fractions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10: 5513- 5527.

Craft, C.D., C. Ross, W.M. Sealey, T.G. Gaylord, F.T. Barrows, G. Fornshell and C.A. Myrick. 2016. Growth, proximate composition, and sensory characteristics of Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss consuming alternative proteins. Aquaculture. 459: 223–231.

Dogan, G. and R. Bircan. 2015. The effect of diets containing hazelnut meal supplemented with synthetic lysine and methionine on development of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Turk. J. Fish. and Aquat. Sci. 15: 119-126.

Elabda, H.B., H. Wanga, A. Shaheenb, H. Yaoa and A. Abbassb. 2017. Anti-Oxidative effects of some dietary supplements on yellow perch (Perca flavescens) exposed to different physical stressors. Aquac. Rep.8(C):21-30

FAO. 2018. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2018 - Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals, Rome. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.

Frias, J., C. DiazPollan, C.L. Hedley, and C. Vidal-Valverde. 1996. Evolution and kinetics of monosaccharides, disaccharides and α-galactosides during germination of lentils. Zeitschrift fur Lebensmittel-Unterschung und Forschung. 202: 35-39

Gaylord, T.G., F.T. Barrows and S.D. Rawles. 2010. Apparent amino acid availability from feedstuffs in extruded diets for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquac. Nut. 16(4): 400–406.

Gerile, S. and J. Pirhonen. 2017. Replacement of fishmeal with corn gluten meal in feeds for juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) does not affect oxygen consumption during forced swimming. Aquaculture. 749: 616-618.

Gatlin, I., D.M. Barrows, F.T. Brown, P.Dabrowsk, K., Gaylord, T.G. Hardy, R.W. Herman, E. Hu, G. Krogdahll, Å.Nelson, R. Overturf, K. Rust, M. Sealey, W. Skonberg, D. Souza, E.J. Stone, D. Wılson and E. Wurtele. 2007. Expanding the utilization of sustainable plant products in aquafeeds: a review. Aquac. Res. 38: 551–579.

Gurkan, M., S. Sevdan Yilmaz, H. Kaya and S. Ergun. 2015. Influence of three spice powders on the survival and histopathology of Oreochromis mossambicus before and after Streptococcus iniae infection, Mar. Sci. Tech. Bull. 4(1): 15

Jimoh, W. A. 2020. Dietary replacement of soybean meal by toasted sunflower seedmeal in the diet of Clarias gariepinus: effect on growth, body composition, digestibility, haematology and histopathology of the liver. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 51(4): 1088-1103. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i4.1088

Lee, K.J., S. Rahlmnejad, M.S. Powell, F.T. Barrows, S. Smiley, P. Bechtel and R.W. Hardy. 2015. Salmon testes meal as a functional feed additive in fish meal and plant protein-based diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fry. Aquac. Res. 46: 1590-1596.

Mohammad, M. A. and W. A. Qasab Bashi, 2020. Effect of partial Substitution spirulina instead of soybean meal in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. Diet on some blood picture and some biochemical criteria. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 51(6):1740-1746. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v51i6.1202

Mokhtar, D.M. 2017. Fish Histology: From Cells to Organs. Apple Academic press. Tayler and Francis group:pp. 265 .

Mustafa, S. A., Al-Rudainy, A. J.and Al-Faragi, J. K. 2019. Assessment of hydrogen peroxide on histopathology and survival rate in common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. Infected with saprolegniasis. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 50(2):796-607. https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v2i50.669

Rehman, Z. and W.H. Shah. 2004. Domestic processing effects on some insoluble dietary fiber components of various food legumes. Food Chem. 87: 613-617

Reigh, R.C. 2008. Underutilized and Unconventional Plant Protein Supplements. Alternatives Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets (Lim, C., Webster, CD & Lee, CS eds), Haworth Press, New York, USA (2008): 433-474

Sherilyn, T., F. Stephanie, A. Velasquez, D.C. Kristina Daniela, F. Guzmana, J. Lorenzo, M. Felipea and A. T. Janice. 2017. Replacement of fishmeal with processed meal from knife fish Chitala ornata in diets of juvenile nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquac. Rep., 5: 76-83

Sohrabnezhad, M., M. Sudagar and M. Mazandarani. 2017. Effect of dietary soybean meal and multienzyme on intestine histology of beluga sturgeon (Huso huso). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40071-017-0172-3.

Tacon, A.G.J. 1993. Feed Ingredients For Warm Water Fish. Fishmeal and Other Processed Feedstuffs, FAO Fish. Cire, No. 856, FAO, Rome, Italy: 64 p

Tanemura, N., Y. Akiyoshi, K. Okano, and S. Sugiura, 2016. Effects of culturing rapeseed meal, soybean meal, macrophyte meal, and algal meal with three species of white-rot fungi on their in vitro and in vivo digestibility evaluated using rainbow trout, Aquaculture. 453: 130–134.

Downloads

Published

2023-08-29

How to Cite

Nasreen M. Abdulrahman, Z. S. Abdulla and S. M. Hassan (2023) “HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF USING RAW LENTIL SEEDS AS A PARTIAL SUBSTITUTE FOR THE FISH MEAL IN DIETS OF THE COMMON CARP CYPRINUS CARPIO L”., IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 54(4), pp. 1137–1146. doi: 10.36103/ijas.v54i4.1807.

Issue

Section

Articles