EFFECT OF SOME BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL PESTICIDES IN CONTROLLING TUTA ABSOLUTA OF TOMATO

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i5.1630

Keywords:

Oxymatrin , Imidacloprid

Abstract

This study was conducted at the open fields of the Agricultural Research Station in Dohuk Governorate during the year 2019 on the tomato crop, a local variety. In this study, the effect of chemical pesticides (Imidamex, Matrixine plus) and biological pesticides (Antario KAB,  Biocure) were tested on the percentage of leaf infection, number of larvae, the percentage of fruit infestation and the rate of productivity of one plant. The results revealed that the lowest percentage of leaf infection and the lowest number of larvae appeared with plants treated with Biocure, with an average of 22.7% and 0.36 larva/leaf, respectively. Whereas, the lowest infection rate for fruits and the highest productivity of plants appeared of plants treated with Antariocap, as the rates were 2 fruits/plant and 7.32 kg/plant, respectively. The results showed the superiority of the Antariocap pesticide in controlling this insect, as it had the highest reduction rate in the infested tomato fruits, at a rate of 90.4%.

References

-Al-Eisa , Z, Abdel Nasser, T, Fateh Khatib and Mustafa Al-Buhsini.2017 Effectiveness of the insect pathogen Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin on the tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 35,) Issue 2( :103-109

-Al-Mallah, N,M , Q. Imad, Abd Imad , and R. Abd Hassan. 2013 Assessment of field workers in the control of some pesticides in combating tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Meyrich) in Iraq. Journal of Arab Plant Protection, 31.(1) 51-56

-Al-Mutanabi, W, El-Hajj Shady and Al-Haidri Neraldine, 2011. Pheromones: a Basic Method in the Integrated Management Program of Colombian Pomegranate Leaves (Tuta absluta). Page 112. Abstract Book for the Second Conference of Integrated Management of Agricultural Pests, April 28-28, College of Agriculture, Tishreen Mosque, Lattakia, Syria

-Alzaidi, Sh. and M. N. Hassan .2009 Tuta absoluta a serious pest advancing in the Mediterranean region Role of pheromones in management strategies. International Journal of Pest Management 51:85-87

-Arno J and A .Gabarra 2011 Side effects of selected insecticides on the Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) predators Macrolophuspygmaeus and Nesidiocoristenus (Homoptera: Miridae ).J pest Sci 84(4):513-520

-Baniameri, V. and A. Cheeraghian,2011 The first report and control strategies of Tuta absoluta in Iran. EPPO Bull. 42;322-324. I CcrossRef I

-Biondi A, G . DesneuxN,Siscaro and, L .Zppala 2012 Using organic certifie rather than synthetic pesticide may not be satar for biological control agnest : selectivity and side effects of 14 pesticides on the predator Oriusleavigatus. Chemosphere 87(7):803-812

-Desneux, N,; E. Wajnberg, G. Wyckhuys , G. BurgioArpaia, c. Narvaez-Vasquez, J. Gonzalez-Cabrera. D. Catalan Ruescas, E. Tabone,J. Frandon, J. Pizzol, CPoncet,T. Cabello and A. Urbaneja, 2010. Biological invation of European tomato crops by Tuta absoluta :ecolgy , geographic, expansion and prospects for biological control . Juornal of Pest Science, 83:197-2015

-EPPO. 2005. EPPO datasheets on quarantine pests: Tuta absoluta EPPO. Bulletin, 35: 434-435

-EPPO 2009 Reporting service 1-16

- Food Agriculture Organization of United Nation, FAO 2015 Statistical Poket Book, World Food Agricultural Organization Rome, Italy . pp:26-28

-Galazra,J. 1984 Laboratory assement of some solanaceous plant as possible food plants pf the tomato moth Scrobipulaabsoluta IDIA. Nos 421/424,30-32

-Garcia F, M and J. C Espul,1982. Bioecology of thr tomato moth (Scrobipalpulaabsoluta) in Mendoza ,Argentine Republic. Revista and Investigaciones Agropecuarias,17:135-146

-Gashawbeza A, and F. Abity 2013 Occurrence and Distribution of species of Tomato Fruit Worm ,Tuta abslouta Meyrick (Lepidoptera : Gelechiidae) in central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 4thBinneial Conference of Ethiopian Horticultural Science Society 12-13 April 2013 , Ambo, Ethiopia. pp:144

-Haddi,K.; M. Berger, P. Bielaza, C. .Rapisarda, M Williamson, Moores. and C. Bass. 2017 Mutation in the ace-1 gene of tomato leaf miner (Tuta absoluta) associated with organophosphatees resistance . J. Appl. Entomal. 141, 612-619

-Haougui ,A; B. Addamou, M. Garba, S. Oumarou, B. Gougari,.; Abou, M.; Kimba, and P. Delmas, 2016 Confirmation of the presence of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: gelechiidae)in Niger (West Africa) . J. Sci. Environ, 5, 4481-4486

-Lobos E, M Occchionero, D Werenitzky. J .Fernandez, M. GonzalezI. et al 2013 Optimization of a traap of Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera; Gelechiidae) and trailsof determine the effectivenes of mass trapping Neotropical Entomology 42(5)448-457

-Leite G.L.D., M. picanco, Guedes and J.C. Zanuncio 2001 Role of plant age in the resistance of lycopersicumhirsutum f. glabaratum to the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Lepedoptera: gelichiidae). Sci Hort 89:103-113

-Magido R. C., E.Hubruge, and F. J. Verheggen. 2016. Pheromon- based management strategies to control the tomato leafminer , tutaabsoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) A review; 17(3) 475-482

- Marzieh ,Mizadeh, , Hejazi, Mir Jalil, Gholamreza, Arzanlou, Mahdi 2015 . Compatibility and interaction between Bacillus thuringiensis and certain insecticides: perspective in management of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 25, Issue 6

-Muluken G, S Awol, and D. Nigussie 2014 Occurrence and population dynamics of tometoleafminer, Tuta absloluta (Meyrick), (Lepidoptera: gelechiidae) in estren Ethiopia. East African J.Sci 8:59-64

-Nayna , B.P and C.M. Kalleshwareswamy, 2015 Biology and external morphology of invastment tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera :Gelechiidae). Pest Manag. Hortic. Ecosyst. 2015, 21, 169-174

-Qazzaz,F. O., M.L. Al-masri and R.H. Barakat 2015. Effectiveness of Beauveria bassiana native isolate in the biological control of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitate) Advanced in Entomology, Science , 44-45

-Riquelme,V., B. Maria, N. Eduardo and Y.C Botto 2006. Efficacy of insecticides against the tomato moth, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Celechiidae) and there residual effects on the parasitoid Trichogrammatoidaebactrae (Hymenoptera: Ttichogrammtidae). Review. Society Entomology. Argentina 65:57-65

-Salas , J. 2004. Capture of Tuta absoluta in traps baited with its sex pheromone. Journal Revista Colombia de Entomologia, 20;75-78. (in Spanish).

-Sandeep J, Jayara J, Shanthi, Theradimani, V Bala Su Bramani S irulandi and S Prabhu 2021 Evaluation of insecticides and Bacillus thuringiensis against tomato pin worm Tuta absoluta (Meyrick).Indian Journal of Entomology 83(1).

-Sandeep J Kumar , J. Jayaraj , Shanthi Mookiah, Somu Prabhu 2020. . Potential of Cry1Ac from Bacillus thuringiensis against the tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Gelechiidae: Lepidoptera). Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 30(1).

-Schneff E., N Crinkmore., AanRie J., Lereclus D, Baum J, Feitelson J, and DR Zeigler 1998 Dean .,Bucillus thuringiensis and its pesiticidal crystal proteins. Microbial Mol Biol Rev.;62(3):775-806. http// www. Ncbi.nlm.gov pubmed 97299609

-Shiberu, T.; Getu,2017. . Evaluation of some Insecticide against Tomato Leaf Miner Tuta absoluta (Myrick)(Gelechiidae: Lepidoptera) Under Laboratory and Glass house Condition . Agric. Res. Technol. 7

-Silva G.A., M.C. picango L. Bacci, A.L.B Crespo, JF Rosado, et al. 2011Control failure likelihood and spatial dependence of insecticide resistance in the tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta . Pest Manage Sci67:913-920

-Tropea,G.G;Siscaro; A. Biondi, and L. Zappala. Zu12. Tuta absoluta , a south American pest of tomato now in the EPPO region; Biology, distribution and damage .EPPObull ,42, 205-210

-Zimmermann G. 2007 Review on safety of the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana and Beauveria brongniartii. Biocontrol Sci Technol.;17(6):553-596.

Downloads

Published

2022-10-25

How to Cite

M., H. M., Birwari , M. A. and AL-Qadir, S. A. (2022) “EFFECT OF SOME BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL PESTICIDES IN CONTROLLING TUTA ABSOLUTA OF TOMATO ”, IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 53(5), pp. 1167–1173. doi: 10.36103/ijas.v53i5.1630.

Issue

Section

Articles