CHARACTERIZATION PHENOTYPE AND GENETIC DISTANCE SOME OF THE NATIVE CHICKEN STRAINS IN JAMBI PROVINCE INDONESIA

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i5.1629

Keywords:

principal component analysis, qualitative characteristic, quantitative characteristic

Abstract

Characterization is used to determine genetic quality which is used as a basis for consideration in selection and crossing. The research materials were Super Chicken, Bangkok, KUB, Sentul, Kampung and Merawang. Data including qualitative and quantitative. Descriptive and quantitative qualitative data used t-test, T2-Hotelling test and principal component analysis. Data processing using Minitab and MEGA-X program. The results showed that body weight, weight gain and body size of Super chickens were significantly different (P<0.05) higher than the other chickens. The closest genetic distance between the lines is Kampung dan Sentul chicken, then between Bangkok  and Super chicken. Sentul and Kampung chicken have a close relationship with KUB, compared to Bangkok, Super and Merawang. Conclusion: Qualitative criteria for Super, Bangkok, KUB, Sentul, and Kampung are still very diverse, while Merawang chickens are more uniform. The highest body weight up to the age of 4 months is Super chicken, followed by Bangkok, KUB, Sentul, Kampung and Merawang. The increase in the body weight of chickens is achieved at the age of 2-3 months.

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Published

2022-10-25

How to Cite

Depison, Gushairiyanto and Irmaya, D. (2022) “CHARACTERIZATION PHENOTYPE AND GENETIC DISTANCE SOME OF THE NATIVE CHICKEN STRAINS IN JAMBI PROVINCE INDONESIA”, IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 53(5), pp. 1154–1166. doi: 10.36103/ijas.v53i5.1629.

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