UTILIZATION OF CARBOHYDRATE POTENTIAL IN VARIOUS KINDS OF BANANA COB FLOUR BANANA IN KACANG GOATS
Keywords:carbohydarate, Utilization flour banana, Kacang goats
The objective of this research was to observe the productivity in kacang goats which were given a complete feed containing flour of various types of banana plant weevils. The material studied in this study was six complete types of feed. Complete feed containing weevil flour from 5 banana plant varieties. Complete feed is prepared with a complete feed composition. The cattle used were 18 male bean goats, mean initial body weight, 15.42 ± 1.98 kg (CV: 13.73%) aged 10-15 months. Livestock is given complete feed containing banana weevil flour for 60 days. The cage is 12 m x 6m in size, construction has a floor platform as high as 140 cm, the enclosure is 1 x 1 m in size and 130 cm in height, equipped with a drinking area. The treatment was in the form of 6 complete types of feed with different formulations, consisting of CF0, CF1, CF2, CF3, CF4, and CF5 containing banana weevil flour with different varieties and control treatment (CF0). The research design used was a completely randomized design with five treatments of complete feed formulas containing hump flour of various banana varieties.The results of the research that the complete feed formulation containing Batu banana hump flour (CF2) and Kapok (CF3) produced the best productivity and performance response of Kacang goat. compared to treatment; CF0 CF1; CF4 and CF5.
Anggorodi, R. 1995. General Forage Science. Prints VI. P.T. Gramedia. Jakarta
Aswandi. 2012. Triton Journal. Agricultural Extension. Results of applied research in the field of socio-economic counseling and agricultural engineering. Vol. 3. Number. 1. June. ISSN. 2085 - 3823. p. 25-32.
Castellejos. L, S. J. Calsameglia, and H.T. Martin. Tereso, Wijlen. 2018. In vitro evaluation of effects of ten essential oils at there doses on ruminal fermentation of high cocenrate feedlot-type diets. J. Anim. Feed. Sci and Technology. Anifee. 1812. : 1-12
Cherdthong, A. M. Wanapat, and C. Wachirapakorn. 2020. Influence of urea calcium mixture supplementation on ruminal fermentation characteristics of beef cattle fed on concentrates. containing high levels of cassava chips and rice straw Animal Feed Science and Technology (163) : 43–51
Chanjula. P., M. Wannapat., C.Wachirapakorn., S.Uriyapongson and P.Rowlinson. 2020. Ruminal degradability of tropical feeds and their potential use in ruminant diets. Asian-australasian.Journal of Animal Science 16 (2): 211-216
Dabiao.L, X. Houa, and Y. Liu, Y Liu. 2020. Effect of diet composition on digestion and rumen fermentation parameters in sheep and cashmere goats. Animal Feed Science and Technology 146 (2008) 337–344
DeBoever.J.L., J.M. Aerts. J. M. Vanacker and D.L. DeBrabander. 2019. Evaluation of the nutritive value of maeze silages using a gas production technique. J. Anim. Feed Sci. Technology: 123-124: 255-265
Fandino, S. Calsamiglia, A. Ferret, and M. Blanch. 2019 Anise and capsicum as alternatives to monensin to modify rumen fermentation in beef heifers fed a high concentrate diet J. Animal Feed Science and Technology. Anifee: 11819 : 1-8
Frank R. Spellman, Nancy and E. Whiting. 2019. Environmental Management of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs),Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, CRC Press USA.-8493-7098
Goering, H. K and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage Fiber Analysis. Agricultural Handbook No. 379. United States Department of Agriculture. Washington DC. pp. 12-15
Haque. N, Saroj Toppo 1, M. L. Saraswat and M. Y. Khan. 2020. Effect of feeding Leucaena leucocephala leaves and twigs on energy utilization by goats. Animal Feed Science and Technology 142 " 330–338
Harper, H. A., V. W. Rodwell dan and P.A. Mayes. 1979. Biokimia (Review Physiological Chmistry). Edisi ke- 17. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran E. G. C. Jakarta. (Diterjemahkan oleh M. Muliawan).
Hartadi.H, S, M. Kamal, andB. Suhartanto dan Suemartono. P.W. 1984. The Effect of Protected Soybean Meal with Formaldihid on Goat Growth. Bogor Small Ruminant Research Scientific Meeting. Proceedings. Center for Animal Husbandry Research and Development. Agriculture department. Nov 22-23-1983. Thing. pp: 81-84.
Hutagalung. H. 2004. Carbs: http: // www. Lebrary.usu. ac.id/download/fk/gizi/pdf. 29/03/2017.
Kuswandi, C. Talib dan andT. Sugiarti. 2004. Strategic feed on Friesian Holstein calves. Journal of Tropical Animal Development. Special Edition. Book 1. October pp:2004; 40-45
Kearl. Leonard. C. 1982. Nutrient Requitrements of Ruminants in Developing Countries. International Feedstuffs Institute. Utah Agricultural Experiment Station Utah State University Logan. Utah. USA.1 Desember 1982
Lanzas, C., C.J. Sniffen, S. Seo, L.O., Tedeschi and D.G. Fox, . 2018 A feed carbohydrate fractionation scheme for formulating rations for ruminants. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol doi:10.1018
Leng, R. A. 1991. Application of Biotechnology to Nutrition of Animals in Developing Countries. Animal Production and Health Paper, FAO, Rome
McDonald, P. R A. Edwards. J. F.D. Greenhalgh and C.A Morgan. 2002. Animal Nutrition. 5th Edition. Longman Inc. London
NRC, 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, seventh ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC
National Research Council. 1989. Nutrient Requirement for Dairy Cattle. National Academic Press. Washington DC
Nkosi B. And D R. Meeske 2017. Effects of ensiling totally mixed potato hash ration with or without a hetero fermentative bacterial inoculants on silage fermentation, aerobic stability, growth performance and digestibility in lambs. Journal Animal Feed Science and Technology 161 38–48
Parakkasi. A. 1999. Science of Nutrition and Animal Feed Ruminan. First printing. University of Indonesia. Press. Jakarta
Pathoumalangsy. K and T. R. Preston. .2020. Effects of supplementation with rumen carbohydrate and sources of 'bypass' protein on feed intake, digestibility and N retention in growing goats fed a basal diet of foliage of Department of Livestock and Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture. Vientiane.
Perry. T.W. AE. Cullison and RS Lowrey. 2003. Feed and Feeding Prentice Hall. New Jersey
Rantan. K. dan Simon. And P Genting. 2005. Productivity of kacang Goats with Complete Feeding of Aspergillus Niger Passion Fruit Skins. National Seminar on Animal Husbandry and Vatriner Technology. 625-629
Rudiaah 2008. The effect of feeding time on the performance of male kacang Goats. J. Agrisain. 9 (1) .: 50-56
Sauve. A. K, G. B. Huntington and J. C. Burns. 2019. Effects of total nonstructural carbohydarates and nitrogen balance on voluntary intake of goats and digestibility of gamagrass hay harvested at sunrisc and sunsent. J. Anim. Feed. Sci and Technology (148):: 93-106
Simanihuruk. K. 2009. Utilization of passion fruit bulls (passiflora edulis semsf edulis Deg) as componet of complete feed for growing kacang goats. JTTV 14. (1): 36-34
Simon. P, L.P.Genting, A.. Batubara, A Targa and, R. Kresnon dan Junjungan. 2004. Utilization of Industrial Waste Turnip Vegetable Processing (Rapharus Satipus) As Goat Feed. Abstract. National Seminar on Animal Husbandry and Vateriner Technology. 2004. http: //laletkambing.litbang.deptan go.id./index-php option kom. Accessed on, 7/12/2020
Sutardi. T. 1977. Iktisar Ruminologi. Materials for the Course in Ambon Wood Dairy farming. Director General of Animal Husbandry – FAO
Suparjo. K. G. E.P.Wiryuwan,. D. Laconi dan and Mangun Widjaja. 2011. Ferformance of Goats Given Fermented Cocoa Pod Skins. Medea Ranch. Thing. pp:35-41.
Steel, R.G and .D dan J.H. Torrie. 1991. Statistical Principles and Procedures. Second Edition. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama Jakarta. (Translated by B. Sumantri).
Sutardi, T., N. A Sigit T and Toharmant. 1983. Standardization of Protein Quality of Ruminant Food Ingredients Based on Metabolic Parameters by Rumen Microbes. Science and Technology Development Project. Department of Education and Culture. Directorate General of Higher Education. Central Jakarta. Department of Agriculture Jakarta
Toharmat,T. E. Nursasih, R. Nazilah, N. Hotimah, T. Q. Noerzihad, N.A. Sigit and Y. Retnani 2006 Physical Properties of Fiber-Rich Feed and Its Effects on Consumption and Digestibility of Ration Nutrients in Goats, Department of Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, IPB. Animal Husbandry Media. p. 146-154
Tillman. A D., H. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprojo, S. Prawirokusumo, dan and S. Lebdosoekojo. 1998. Basic Animal Feed. 4th edition Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta
Van Soest, P. J. 1994. Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant. 2nd ed. Comstock Publishing Associates A Division of Cornell Uniersity Press, Ithaca
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.