EFFECT OF OZONE ENRICHMENT AND SPRAYING WITH COCONUT WATER AND MORINGA EXTRACT ON VEGETATIVE GROWTH AND YIELD OF BROCCOLI PLANT UNDER HYDROPONIC SYSTEM WITH MODIFIED NFT TECHNOLOGY

Authors

  • A. D. Salman
  • I. J. Abdulrasool

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36103/ijas.v53i2.1549

Keywords:

soilless culture, gas enrichment, organic nutrients.

Abstract

This study was carried out at University of Baghdad - College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences - Research Station B during the autumn season 2019-2020, in order to evaluate the effect of Ozone and the foliar application of coconut water and moringa extract on the growth of broccoli plant grown in modified NFT film technology. A factorial experiment (2*5) was carried out within Nested Design with three replicates. The ozone treatment was distributed into the main plots which consisted of oxygen (O2) and ozone (O3). The foliar application of organic nutrients were distributed randomly within each replicate including five treatments, which were the control treatment (T0), Coconut water with two concentrations of 50 (T1) and 100 ml. L-1 (T2), and Moringa leaves extract at two concentrations 2% (T3) and 4% T4. Results revealed a significant effect of interaction between the ozone and the foliar application of coconut water 100 ml. L-1 (O3T2) on the leaves content of Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, B, Chlorophyll, plant height, leaves number, leaves area, root length, roots dry weight, number and weight of secondary  heads (24.09 ,33.16, 55.00, 56.01, 102.85, 72.01, 13.88, 9.39, 90.56, 96.56, 28.07, 24.52, 120.0, 77.48% respectively) compared to the control treatment (O2T0). Interaction between ozone enrichment and the foliar application of 4% Moringa leaves extract (O3T4) were recorded a significant increment in the main tablet weight, reached 687.33 gm.Plant-1 compared to the control treatment (O2T0). Interaction between ozone and Moringa leaves extract at 2% (O3T3) or, and coconut water 100 ml. L-1 (O3T2) had a significant increment in the total yield reached 51.07 and 50.94 tons.ha-1, respectively, compared to the control treatment (O2T0).

References

Abohassan,R.A. and A.O.Abusuwar. 2018. Effects of Moringa oleifera leaf extracts on growth and productivity of three leguminous crops. Legume Research. 41(1):114-119

Abou El-Nour, H. H. and N. A. Ewais.2017. Effect of Moringa oleifera Leaf extract (MLE) on pepper seed germination, seedlings improvement, growth, fruit yield and its quality. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research.06(02):448-463

Al-Asadi, M. H. S., and A. H. J. Al-Khaikani. 2019. Plant Hormones and their Physiological Effects. Al-Qasim Alkhadraa University. College of Agriculture, House of National Books and Archives, Baghdad. Deposit No. 2272. International Number: 9789922917108, pp: 332

Al-Amiri, A. A.N. 2018. The Effect Cultivar Medium and Nutrient Solution on Growth and Yield of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Under the Hydroponic cultivation system. Master Thesis . College of Agriculture . University of Kufa. pp: 60

Al-Chalabi, S. K. and N. K. Al-Khayyat. 2013. Ornamental plants in Iraq, Ministry of Higher Education and Practical Research. Baghdad University. College of Agriculture. pp: 416

Al-Halfi, I. H. H. and N. H. Zeboon. 2016. The response of the yield of bread wheat and its components to the spraying with boron and vitamin C. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences 47 (5): 1171-1180

Ali, N. S. 2012. Fertilizer technologies and Uses. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Baghdad University, College of Agriculture. Iraq. pp: 207

Ali, N. S., 2012a. The Guide in Plant Nutrition. Translated by Allen V Parker and David J. Philbeam. Part one and two. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, University of Baghdad, College of Agriculture. Scientific Books House for printing, publishing and distribution. Iraq. pp: 854

Ali, N. S., H. S. Rahi, and A. A. Shaker. 2014. Soil Fertility. Scientific Books House for Printing, Publishing and Distribution. Iraq. pp: 307

Al-Khafaji, M. A. 2014. Plant Growth Organizations, the Horticultural Applications and Uses. University House for Printing, Publishing and Translation. Iraq. pp: 348

Al-Sahhaf, F. H.. 1989a. Applied plant nutrition. Baghdad University. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. House of Alhikma for publishing, translation and distribution. Mosul Higher Education Press. Iraq.pp:260

Al-Sahhaf, F. H. 1989. Hydroponics Agricultural Systems. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. University of Baghdad - House of Wisdom - Iraq, pp: 320

Attia, H. J., S. M. K. Saadeddin And B. A. Ibrahim. 2010. The effect of plant growth regulators on the vegetative Parameters of black seed. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences 41 (2): 80-88

AL-Hachami, S. H.J. ; S.A.Khalil and Y. F.Sallom.2019. Effect of spraying coconut liquid and marine algae extract on vegetative and production properties of two types of strawberry Fragaria ananassa Duch. Plant Archives .19(2): 1856-1863

Bhatla,S.C. and M.A. Lal . 2018. Plant Physiology, Development and Metabolism. Springer. pp:1237. https:/ /doi.org/ 10.1007 /978-981-13-2023-1

Black,C.A.1965. Methods of soil analysis,Part2 .Amer. Soc. Agric. Lnc

Cheruth, A.J.2009. Changes in non enzymatic antioxidants and ajmalicin production in catharanthus roseus with different soil salinity regimes Bot. Res. Intr. 2(1): 1-6

Debnath, M. R.; M.Jahiruddin; M. M. Rahman and M. A.Haque.2011. Determining oplimum rate of boron application for higher yield of wheat in old Brahmaputra Flood Plain Soil. J.Bangladesh Agric.9(2): 505-510

Goddek,S.; A.Joyce; B.Kotzen and G.M.Burnell.2019.Aquaponics Food Production Systems. Combined Aquaculture and Hydroponic Production Technologies for the Future. Chapter4. Springer Open. pp:619. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15943-6

Goodwin,T.W. 1976. Chemistry and Biochemistray of Plant Pigment. 2nded. Academic.Press. London.New York.San Francisco.pp :373

Hazeltine, B.;C. Bull. 2003.Field Guide to Appropriate Technology. Science Direct. pp:874. ISBN 978-0-12-335185-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-335185-2.X5042-6

Kulkarni, S. ; P. S. Abraham ;N. Mohanty; N. N. Kadam and M. Thakur. 2018. Sustainable Raft Based Hydroponic System for Growing Spinach and Coriander. Springer International Publishing AG2018. pp:117-125. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-53556-2_13

Maishanu, H. M. ; M. M. Mainasara ; S. Yahaya and A. Yunusa.2017. The use of moringa leaves extract as a plant growth hormone on cowpea (Vigna Anguiculata) .Traektoriâ Nauki Path of Science.3(12):3001-3006

Nasralla,A.Y.; I.H.Al-Hilfy ; H.M.Al-Aboodi; O.A.Mahammed and M.Mhmood.2014. Effect of spraying some plant extraction and anti- oxidant on growth and yield of sunflower .The Iraqi J. of Agri. Sci.45(7): 651-659 (special issue).

Nicoletto, C. ; C. Maucieri and P. Sambo. 2017. Effects on water management and quality characteristics of ozone application in chicory forcing process: APilot System. Agronomy .7 (29):1-14. DOI: 10. 3390/ agronomy 7020029.

Ördög,V. 2011. Plant Physiology. Created by XML mind XSL-FO Converter . pp:115

Payamnoor,V.; R.J.Hajati and Khodadai.2018. The effect of coconut extract on callus growth and ultrasound waves on production of botulin and betulinic acid in in-vitro culture conditions of Betula pendula Roth species. Folia Forestalia Polonica,S eries A-Forestry.60(4):261-268

Peykanpour,E. ;A.M. Ghehsareh ; J. Fallahzade and M. Najarian.2016. Interactive effects of salinity and ozonated water on yield components of cucumber. Plant Soil Environ. 62(8): 361-366

Phiri, C.2010. Influence of Moringa oleifera leaf extracts on germination and early seedling development of major cereals. Agric. Biol. J.N. Amer.1(5):774-777

Sasidharan, S.; Y .Chen; D. Saravanan; K.M.Sundram and L.Y. Latha. 2011. Extraction, isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds from plantsʾ extracts. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med.8(1):1-10

Sharma, R. R. 2002. Growing Strawberry. International Book Distributing Co. Indian.pp:164

Soares,C. S.; A. C. S.Lim; J. A.Silva; M.S.A.Vilar;A.L.P.Silva; J.A.L. Junior and J.F.B.Neto .2020.Production of lettuce in NFT hydroponic system at different planting seasons and irrigation regimes. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 14(07):1047-1047. Doi:10.21475/ajcs.20.14.07.pp:1828. ISSN:1835-2707.

Suyantohadi, A.; T. Kyoren; M. Hariadi; M.H.Purnomo and T. Morimoto. 2010. Effect of high consentrated dissolved oxygen on the plant growth in a deep hydroponic culture under a low temperature. Elsevire, IFAC Proceeding 43(26):251-255

Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger .2010. Plant Physiology. 5th. ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc. publisher Sunderland, Massachus- AHS. U.S.A.pp:778.

Vivo, B. ; H.E. Belkin and A. Lima. 2018. Environmental Geochemistry .Science Direct.pp:644. https://doi.org/10.1016/C2015-0-05618-0. ISBN 978-0-444-63763-5.

Watson, D.J. and M.A.Watson. 1953. Comparative physiological studies on the growth of yield crops. III-Effect of infection with beet yellow. Ann.Appl.Biol.40.1:1-37

Wei, C. ; F. Zhang ;Y. Hu ;C. Feng and H. Wu. 2016. Ozonation in water treatment: the generation, asic properties of ozone and its practical application .Rev Chem Eng. DOI 10.1515/revce-2016-0008.

Yadav,R.; R.K.Khare and A. Singhal. 2017. Qualitative phytochemical screening of some selected medicinal plants of Shivpuri district (M.P.). Int. J. Life. Sci. Scienti. Res.3(1):844-847.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-29

How to Cite

Salman, A. D. . and Abdulrasool, I. J. . (2022) “EFFECT OF OZONE ENRICHMENT AND SPRAYING WITH COCONUT WATER AND MORINGA EXTRACT ON VEGETATIVE GROWTH AND YIELD OF BROCCOLI PLANT UNDER HYDROPONIC SYSTEM WITH MODIFIED NFT TECHNOLOGY”, IRAQI JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, 53(2), pp. 406–414. doi: 10.36103/ijas.v53i2.1549.

Issue

Section

Articles