STABL ISOTOPES AND HYDROCHEMICAL PARAMETER AS INDICATORS OF AL-RAZZAZA LAKE WATER INTERACTION WITH GROUNDWATER SURROUNDING / KARBALA GOVERNORATE- IRAQ.
Keywords:isotopes , imam ali drop, water quality, deuterium, ion concentration.
This research was aimed to study the exposure of Razzazah Lake to major hydrological changes in recent years as a result of natural climatic changes and drought, high evaporation in lake due to stop discharge from Habbaniyah Lake by Al- majera channel. During 2019, we collected surface water samples at three locations, and three samples from groundwater, in addition one samples from each location Imam Ali Drop and Sewage water of Karbala. The Results show that the heavy isotopes in lake and groundwater well are enriched during the warm period, and depleted during the cold period. Chemically, The dominant cations and anions in Al-Razzaza lake water are mainly of in Order Ca > Na > Mg and Cl>SO4 and the water type Ca-Chloride in both period. according to the ratio of Ca/Cl concentration in water samples in the study area, it can be see that same ratio of Ca/Cl between Al-Razzaz lake water and W1 well, this indicator to the interaction between them.
Abdulwahhab R. A., F.A,Hadi .,M.A, Saleh .2012,The study of The surface area change of lake Al-Razzaza using geographic information system (GIS) and using remote sensing technology, Iraqi Journal of Sciences, 53, (4) : 1025-1031.
Ala-aho, P.C., Soulsby, O.S, Pokrovsky, J. Kirpotin, J.S. Serikova S.N Vorobyev.,R.M Manasypov., S. Loiko, and .,D Tetzlaff, .2018. Using stable isotopes to assess surface water source dynamics and hydrological connectivity in a high-latitude wetland and permafrost influenced landscape. J. Hydrol., 556:279–293. [CrossRef].
Al-Ani, A.R. 2004. Estimation of Groundwater Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Regions (Dibdiba Formation in Area of Karbala-Najaf), Unpub. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Baghdad, pp:146
Al-Basrawi, N. H. 1996. Hydrogeology of Razzaza Lake,Unpup.Ph.D. Thesis,College of Science ,University of Baghdad.pp:152
Al-Dabbas M A., and Al-Zubaidi Aqeel,2015. Impact of climate changes on the hydrochemistry of Razaza Lake and Rahaliya – Shithatha Springs – Central Iraq. Journal of Environment and Earth Science. ISSN 2224-3216 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0948 (Online).5, (6):14-28
Al-paruany, K.B., 2013. Hydro Chemical and Isotopic Study of Water Resources Between Haditha Dam and Site of Al-Baghdadi Dam, Ph.D. thesis, University of Baghdad, College of Science, Baghdad, Iraq.pp:127
Al-Sakini,J. 1984. The Origin of Habaniya and Razzaza Lakes and the possibility of Petroleum Existence in Their Structure, Procceding of the 2nd Sci.Exploration Conf. Ministry of Oil, Iraq.pp:27.
Al-Shamari , M. M. 2014. Groundwater Evaluation for Dammam Formation in South Razzaza Lake ,M.Sc. Thesis, Collage of Scince, University of Baghdad ,Iraq, pp.138
APHA, American Public Health association, American Water Works Association (AWWA) and Water Environmental Federation (WEF), 2012; Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd Edition , pp:9993
Budy, T.1980. the Regional Geology of Iraq. Stratigraphy and Paleogeography .Vol.1 ,Baghdad ,Dar El Kutib publ. house, University of Mosul . pp:445
Dansgaard, W., 1964. Stable isotopes in precipitation, Tellus, 16:436-468
Don, C.M., 1995: AGrows Guide to Water Quality. University College Station, Texas. pp:601-609
Edmunds, W.M., R.L.F., Kay, and R.A., McCartney, 1985. Origin of saline ground waters in the Carnmenellis granite (Cornwall, England): Natural processes and reaction during hot dry rock reservoir circulation. Chem. Geol, 49: 287-301
Gat, J.R and Gonfiantini, R. 1961. Stable Isotope Hydrology: Deuterium and Oxygen-18 in the Water Cycle; IAEA Technical Reports Series; International Atomic Energy Agency: Vienna.pp:121
Graig. H, 1961 Isotopic variations in natural waters. Science 133:1702– 1703
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency .2005. Isotope Hydrology Section. [email protected], www.iaea.org/water
IAEA, 2009: Global Network of isotopes in precipitation, the GNIP Database Accessible http:isohis.iaea.org
Jassim R. and A, Al-Zubaidi. 2013,Hydrochemical assessment of water resources southern part of Al-Razzazah Lake and surroundings, Karbala area, central Iraq, Iraqi bulletin of Geology and Mining, 9, (2): 81-95.
Jassim. S.Z. and J.C,Goff . 2006. Geology of Iraq, Dolin Prague and Moravian Museum, Brno, pp:341
Meng, Y.C., and Liu, G.D, 2016. Isotopic characteristics of precipitation, groundwater, and stream water in an alpine region in southwest China. Environ. Earth Sci., 75: 894. [CrossRef].
Othman A. A. , Y.I, Al-Saady ., A.K, Al-Khafaji and R.Gloaguen ,2013. Environmental Change Detection in the Central Part of Iraq Using Remote Sensing Data and GIS, Published Online Saudi Society for Geosciences.pp:34
Parson, R.M 1955. Groundwater Resource of Iraq, vol. 4 Kirkuk liwa Development Board Ministry of Development Government of Iraq, pp :142
Wang, S.J.,M.J Zhang, C.E Hughes, .,X.F, Zhu, and .,L Dong, 2016. Factors controlling stable isotope composition of precipitation in arid conditions: An observation network in the Tianshan Mountains, central Asia. Tellus B Chem. Phys. Meteorol. 68, 26. [CrossRef].
Wen, R.; L.D Tian, .,F.J, Liu, ., D.M .Q.U,.2016 Lake water isotope variation linked with the in-lake water cycle of the Alpine Bangong Co, arid western Tibetan Plateau. Arct. Antar. Alp. Res. 48, 563–580. [CrossRef].
Zhang, M.J and S.J, Wang 2016. A review of precipitation isotope studies in China: Basic pattern and hydrological process. J. Geogr. Sci, 26: 921–938. [CrossRef.]
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.